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#23 Deflocculation of ceramic mixtures: what are they and how do they work?

ZS Lab
Sabías que

The flocculation of ceramic mixtures is a problem marked by a progressive aggregation of the solid particles and it often takes place due to phenomena of electrostatic attraction between the clay micelles in suspension. This process leads to a significant increase in viscosity…

#22 Ceramic glazes, dusting phenomena & digital printing decoration

ZS Lab
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What do we mean with “dusting phenomena”? What are the features of a glaze marked by this characteristic? In general, we are talking about a glaze that shows a low cohesion after application by means of traditional airless spray systems. This lack of cohesion is not only…

#21 Surface protection treatments, emissions & regulations

ZS Lab
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Surface treatments’ target is to protect the surface, improving its performance without changing the basic features of the tile. More generally, tiles (treated or not treated) must comply with regulations and market’s target that can obviously change according to the client and…

#20 Ceramic production, chemicals & environmental impact

ZS Lab
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This dissertation aims to refocus, from a special and provocative perspective, the role of chemicals used in ceramics: from the beginning to the end of the entire process, that is from the grinding of the clays that form the basis of the ceramic mixture up to the firing cycle. …

#19 Ceramic glaze application: methods, rheology & synthetic chemicals

ZS Lab
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Ceramic glazes can be applied along the glazing line by means of different systems. The most popular and widespread is the airless spray system, even if vela and bell systems are still in use. Whatever is the choise made by ceramic producers, the glaze's rheology must be always…

#18 ¿Qué ventajas se pueden conseguir con las colas base agua?

ZS Lab
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Desde el punto de vista químico, las colas digitales base agua pueden definirse genéricamente como polímeros orgánicos y componentes inorgánicos (cuando están presentes) en agua y solventes polares. Su naturaleza química, a diferencia de las colas base solvente, se caracteriza…